The good news is that, as a traveler in Poland, you can manage in the cities without knowing Polish phrases. Restaurants will have English menus. Most people you’ll come in contact with will speak a little English. Some of them will be fluent, but they will still apologize for their English. It’s the Polish way. 😉 I have included my attempt at pronunciation here, which for those of you who speak Polish is sure to be good for a chuckle.
In spite of the fact that you can get by in English, it’s nice to know a few Polish phrases. Compared to American English, Polish conversation with strangers is more formal and polite. I’m adding a few familiar phrases, but don’t use them with people that you’re not very friendly with. They’ll come in handy if you have Polish friends or you want to use a little Polish with your traveling companions to add local flavor to your day.
Fortunately, I’m good at picking up on body language and visual cues, so I learned the first time I tried saying cześć to the lady in our local shop, that it was not appropriate. Even though she had been waiting on me several times a week for months, even though she knows I’m a foreigner and always invites me behind the counter to show her what I want rather than having me point, we now stick to dzień dobry.
Yes — Tak (tahk)
No — Nie (knee-a)
Please/you’re welcome/ here you go (when giving something to someone, such as your seat to an elderly person on the tram) — Proszę (PRO-sheh)
Thank you — Dziękuję (jen-KOO-yeh)
Thanks — Dzięki (JEN-key) informal!
I’m sorry or excuse me — Przepraszam (psheh-PRASH-am)
Good day (used morning and afternoon) — Dzień dobry (jen dobray)
Good evening (from 7 PM onward) — Dobry wieczór (DO-bray vee-A-tchure)
Good night — Dobranoc (do-BRAH-notes)
Hi or Bye — Cześć (cheshch) informal!
The bill, please — Rachunek, proszę (ra-HOON-ek PRO-sheh)
Cash or card (your waiter will ask this when it’s time to pay) — Gotówka lub karta (go-TOOV-ka lube KAR-ta)*
Price — Cena (TSAY-na)
Right/Left/Straight (on the rare occasion that you know where to go and the taxi driver doesn’t, these will come in helpful) — Prawo (PRA-vo)/Lewo (LAY-vo)/Prosto (PRO-stow)
Here — Tutaj (TWO-tie)
Street — Ulica (u-LEE-tsa)
Square — Plac (plahts)
Coffee — Kawa (KAH-va)
Tea — Herbata (hair-BA-ta)
Beer — Piwo (PEE-vo)
Cheers! — Na zdrowie (na SDRO-via)
Still water — Niegazowana (knee-a-gaso-VAHN-a)
Sparkling water — Gazowana (gaso-VAHN-a)
Big — Duży (DUZH-aye)
Small — Małe (MAH-way)
Very — Bardzo (BARD-zoe)
Polish words change depending on how they’re used, so if the beginning of a word looks something like what I’m seeking, I assume it’s correct. For example, coffee = kawa. So “let’s have a coffee at the coffee shop” becomes “niech się kawy w kawiarni.” kawa, kawy, kawiarni, close enough! *My use of cash and card probably falls into this category.
These are just some of the Polish phrases I’ve found most helpful, but it’s certainly not all inclusive. What would you add?